Propagation & Space Weather Info Collected from Different Sources

:Product: Report of Solar-Geophysical Activity
:Issued: 2021 Apr 16 2200 UTC
# Prepared jointly by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA,
# Space Weather Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force.
#
Joint USAF/NOAA Solar Geophysical Activity Report and Forecast
SDF Number 106 Issued at 2200Z on 16 Apr 2021

IA.  Analysis of Solar Active Regions and Activity from 15/2100Z to
16/2100Z: Solar activity has been at very low levels for the past 24
hours. There are currently 3 numbered sunspot regions on the disk.
IB.  Solar Activity Forecast: Solar activity is expected to be very low
with a chance for a C-class flares on days one, two, and three (17 Apr,
18 Apr, 19 Apr).

IIA.  Geophysical Activity Summary 15/2100Z to 16/2100Z: The geomagnetic
field has been at quiet to unsettled levels for the past 24 hours. Solar
wind speed reached a peak of 490 km/s at 16/1213Z. Total IMF reached 13
nT at 16/1558Z. The maximum southward component of Bz reached -10 nT at
16/1806Z.  Electrons greater than 2 MeV at geosynchronous orbit reached
a peak level of 134 pfu.
IIB.  Geophysical Activity Forecast: The geomagnetic field is expected
to be at quiet to minor storm levels on day one (17 Apr) and quiet to
active levels on days two and three (18 Apr, 19 Apr).

III.  Event probabilities 17 Apr-19 Apr
Class M    01/01/01
Class X    01/01/01
Proton     01/01/01
PCAF       green

IV.  Penticton 10.7 cm Flux
Observed           16 Apr 077
Predicted   17 Apr-19 Apr 078/078/078
90 Day Mean        16 Apr 076

V.  Geomagnetic A Indices
Observed Afr/Ap 15 Apr  011/010
Estimated Afr/Ap 16 Apr  016/020
Predicted Afr/Ap 17 Apr-19 Apr  015/020-015/018-011/012

VI.  Geomagnetic Activity Probabilities 17 Apr-19 Apr
A.  Middle Latitudes
Active                35/35/35
Minor Storm           25/15/15
Major-severe storm    05/01/01
B.  High Latitudes
Active                10/10/10
Minor Storm           25/25/25
Major-severe storm    65/50/50

Solar Images

More solar/images: http://sprg.ssl.berkeley.edu/shine/suntoday.html

Aurora

Northern hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
Southern hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere

Geomagnetic activity nowcast (Finland)

Space Weather Overview
Space Weather Overview

Current magnetic activity level in northern and southern Finland + near real-time/images from aurora cameras:
http://aurora.fmi.fi/public_service/index.html

The Kjell Henriksen Observatory website at http://kho.unis.no/ contains aurora forecast up to one hour ahead in time.

DX Robot Gouda delivers aurora alerts via e-mail: http://www.gooddx.net/
Aurora alerts via e-mail for Finnish operators: revontulialertti


  • Planetary K-index (Kp)

    Planetary K-index

  • X-ray Flux

    X-ray flux

  • D-Region Absorption Prediction

    D-Region Absorption Prediction

Kp-index & aurora

Solar Wind & Other Data

Map of the Latest 11m Spots from the CRX Cluster Network

Latest 11m Spots from the CRX Cluster Network


Near-Real-Time MUF Map


Solar and auroral data: http://www.solarham.net

http://spaceweather.com/


List of 10M Beacons


Propagation Tutorials

General Guidelines for Correlation of Propagation Indices to Actual HF Propagation Conditions

Propagation tutorial by PA9X

N0NBH's propagation tutorial (PDF)

NM7M: The Little Pistol's Guide to HF Propagation (PDF)

Propagation Broadcasts and Forecasts Demystified (PDF)

RSGB Propagation Studies Committee (Lots of info on different propagation modes.)

Understanding 10 (11) Meter Sporadic-E (Understanding ES or “short skip”)

Understanding Solar Indices by Ian Poole, G3YWX