Propagation & Space Weather Info Collected from Different Sources

:Product: Report of Solar-Geophysical Activity
:Issued: 2020 Sep 22 2200 UTC
# Prepared jointly by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA,
# Space Weather Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force.
#
Joint USAF/NOAA Solar Geophysical Activity Report and Forecast
SDF Number 266 Issued at 2200Z on 22 Sep 2020

IA.  Analysis of Solar Active Regions and Activity from 21/2100Z to
22/2100Z: Solar activity has been at very low levels for the past 24
hours. There are currently 0 numbered sunspot regions on the disk.
IB.  Solar Activity Forecast: Solar activity is expected to be very low
on days one, two, and three (23 Sep, 24 Sep, 25 Sep).

IIA.  Geophysical Activity Summary 21/2100Z to 22/2100Z: The geomagnetic
field has been at quiet to unsettled levels for the past 24 hours. Solar
wind speed reached a peak of 351 km/s at 22/1730Z. Total IMF reached 9
nT at 22/0206Z. The maximum southward component of Bz reached -5 nT at
22/0644Z.  Electrons greater than 2 MeV at geosynchronous orbit reached
a peak level of 152 pfu.
IIB.  Geophysical Activity Forecast: The geomagnetic field is expected
to be at quiet to unsettled levels on day one (23 Sep), quiet to active
levels on day two (24 Sep) and unsettled levels on day three (25 Sep).

III.  Event probabilities 23 Sep-25 Sep
Class M    01/01/01
Class X    01/01/01
Proton     01/01/01
PCAF       green

IV.  Penticton 10.7 cm Flux
Observed           22 Sep 072
Predicted   23 Sep-25 Sep 072/072/072
90 Day Mean        22 Sep 070

V.  Geomagnetic A Indices
Observed Afr/Ap 21 Sep  003/002
Estimated Afr/Ap 22 Sep  007/006
Predicted Afr/Ap 23 Sep-25 Sep  008/010-010/012-013/015

VI.  Geomagnetic Activity Probabilities 23 Sep-25 Sep
A.  Middle Latitudes
Active                20/30/30
Minor Storm           05/10/10
Major-severe storm    01/01/01
B.  High Latitudes
Active                15/15/15
Minor Storm           30/30/30
Major-severe storm    25/40/40

Solar Images

More solar/images: http://sprg.ssl.berkeley.edu/shine/suntoday.html

Aurora

Northern hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
Southern hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere

Geomagnetic activity nowcast (Finland)

Space Weather Overview
Space Weather Overview

Current magnetic activity level in northern and southern Finland + near real-time/images from aurora cameras:
http://aurora.fmi.fi/public_service/index.html

The Kjell Henriksen Observatory website at http://kho.unis.no/ contains aurora forecast up to one hour ahead in time.

DX Robot Gouda delivers aurora alerts via e-mail: http://www.gooddx.net/
Aurora alerts via e-mail for Finnish operators: revontulialertti


  • Planetary K-index (Kp)

    Planetary K-index

  • X-ray Flux

    X-ray flux

  • D-Region Absorption Prediction

    D-Region Absorption Prediction

Kp-index & aurora

Solar Wind & Other Data

Map of the Latest 11m Spots from the CRX Cluster Network

Latest 11m Spots from the CRX Cluster Network


Near-Real-Time MUF Map


Solar and auroral data: http://www.solarham.net

http://spaceweather.com/


List of 10M Beacons


Propagation Tutorials

General Guidelines for Correlation of Propagation Indices to Actual HF Propagation Conditions

Propagation tutorial by PA9X

N0NBH's propagation tutorial (PDF)

NM7M: The Little Pistol's Guide to HF Propagation (PDF)

Propagation Broadcasts and Forecasts Demystified (PDF)

RSGB Propagation Studies Committee (Lots of info on different propagation modes.)

Understanding 10 (11) Meter Sporadic-E (Understanding ES or “short skip”)

Understanding Solar Indices by Ian Poole, G3YWX