General Guidelines Concerning Correlation of Propagation Indices to Actual HF Propagation Conditions

These propagation indices “interpretations” are the intellectual property of NZ4O.
Copyright 1988–2012 by Thomas F. Giella, NZ4O, all rights reserved.

  1. Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.
  2. A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.
  3. A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.
  4. Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days consecutively are best.
  5. Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.
  6. Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).
  7. Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days consecutively, greater than C1 best.
  8. No current STRATWARM alert.
  9. Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign, indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF signals, when the Kp is above 3.
  10. A -20 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A positive number is best.
  11. Rising positive T index number. The T Index tracks with the F2 layer critical frequency (foF2) and sunspot number (SSN) and indicates the capability of the F2 layer to refract RF signals.